Origin of CHAUSSURE
Middle English chaucer, from Anglo-French chausure, from Old French chaucier to put on footwear, from Latin calceare,from calceus
shoe — more at :
a food originally from Italy that consists of baked or fried dough folded over and filled with tomato sauce, cheese, etc.
First Known Use: 14th century
Not to get mixed up with Saussure.....clip,clap.....
Saussure is one of the founding fathers of semiotics.
His concept of the sign/signifier/signified/
referent forms the core of the field.
Equally crucial, although often overlooked or misapplied, is the
dimension of the syntagmatic and paradigmatic axis of linguistic description.
Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure was born in Geneva in 1857.
His father wasHenri Louis Frédéric de Saussure, a mineralogist, entomologist, andtaxonomist. Saussure showed signs of considerable talent and intellectual ability as early as the age of fourteen. After a year of studying Latin,Greek, Sanskrit
, and taking a variety of courses at the University of Geneva, he commenced graduate work at the University of Leipzig in 1876.
Two years later at 21, Saussure published a book entitled
Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes
(Dissertation on the Primitive Vowel System in Indo-European Languages). After this he studied for a year at Berlin, where he wrote a doctoral thesis on the locative absolute in Sanskrit. He returned to Leipzig and was awarded his doctorate in 1880.
Soon afterwards, he relocated to Paris, where he lectured on Sanskrit, Gothic and Old High German, and occasionally other subjects.
Semiotics, also called semiotic studies and including (in the Saussureantradition) semio
logy, is the study of signs and sign processes (semiosis), indication, designation, likeness, analogy, metaphor, s ymbolism, signification, and communication. Semiotics is closely related to the field oflinguistics, which, for its part, studies the structure and meaning of languagemore specifically. However, as different from linguistics, semiotics also studies non-linguistic sign systems. Semiotics is often divided into three branches:
- Semantics: Relation between signs and the things to which they refer; their denotata, or meaning
- Syntactics: Relations among signs in formal structures
- Pragmatics: Relation between signs and sign-using agents
Semiotics is frequently seen as having
for example, Umberto Eco proposes that every cultural phenomenon can be studied as communication.
However, some semioticians focus on the logical dimensi
ons of the science. They examine areas belonging also to the life sciences – such as how organisms make predictions about, and adapt to, their semiotic niche in the world (seesemiosis). In general, semiotic theories take signs or sign systems as their object of study: the communication of information in living organisms is covered in biosemiotics (including zoo
Syntactics is the branch of semiotics that deals with the formal properties of signs and symbols. More precisely, syntactics
deals with the "rules that govern how words are combined to form phrases and sentences".
Charles Morris adds that semantics deals with the relation of signs to their designataand the objects which they may or do denote; and, pragmatics deals with thebiotic aspects of semiosis, that is, with all the psychological, biological, and sociological phenomena which occur in the functioning of signs.